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A while ago I wrote an article listing some of the inconveniences of solid cork closures in bottles of wine. This way of stopping up bottles dates from the 17th century and it has to be said that technology has moved on a bit since those days! So yes, there are several alternatives available today to wine producers. Each one has its advantages, and some disadvantages, so I suppose it is fair to say that there is no « perfect » closure system for all wines. Since the advantages and disadvantages are of different orders, let’s take a look at them for each case.
I am totally fed up with wine stoppers made from solid cork and, as a by-product, all those who defend them as a decent way of closing bottles of wine, whether by ignorance or vested interest. Corks are one of the least effective closure systems for wine. And things get even worse when one is talking about aged wines, which are also usually rarer and more expensive than their younger counterparts. Old wines, and to a lesser extent young wines also are regularly spoilt or diminished by a small piece of the bark of a tree.